The development of literature always lies in the efforts of the writers who are there to write in their language to develop it. Their written works are the beauty of their language, and the token of the advancement of literature. It has been particularly considered that novels always play a paramount role for the development of literature; so do novelists. Novels which show the quality of art and literature have an important role in literature. In the same way, Baloch writers have also been playing their parts in contributing to Balochi literature through their ability of writing novels. One of the important names as novelists shines in Balochi literature is Muneer Ahmed Badini, who has been considered one of the greatest Baloch novelists.
Munir ahmed Badini was born in the village of Shareef Khan, Nushki in 1953; he belongs to Badini tribe of Rakhshani Baloch. His father’s name is Shahnawaz Badini.
Badini began his early education in his village schools and upon completion of his matriculation from the local Boys’ High School, obtained his degree in Arts at the Degree College in Quetta. During this time, he became an active member of Baloch Students Organization (BSO), and became the vice-president of BSO for about a year. For doing master, he took admission in philosophy in the University of Punjab. After completion of his master’s degree, Badini taught for some time at Degree College, Quetta, as a Lecturer of Philosophy, in 1980. Then he joined civil Service. He has the honor to be the first CSS degree holder in district Nushki and the second Baloch to become a CSS officer. He has served as deputy commissioner, commissioner, director and secretary at different posts in the government. He served as Secretary of Fisheries of the government of Balochistan from 1994 to 1996 and 1998 to 1999. In 1997, he became the principle secretary to Chief Minister of Balochistan. Also, he served as the commissioner of Kalat Division in 1997 to 1998. He has been the secretary of education of the Balochistan from 2002 to 2007 to boot.
Besides these services, the thing that made him widely famous is his writing. He is a great Baloch novelist and the author of many Balochi books. He also has the honor to write the most number of Balochi novels. He has written about 90 novels up to now and more than 60 novels have been said to be published and the rest are yet to come to public. Badini has also translated the book of Joseph Stalin, ‘Marxism And The National And Colonial Question’ into Balochi language. Though it has never been officially published, it has been widely read among Badini’s fellow. He usually writes in Rakhshani Balochi dialect but can read and write all Balochi dialects, he is fluent in Brahui, English, and Urdu as well.
Munir Badini’s contribution to Balochi literature is really commendable. He is the author of many Balochi novels and was awarded a literary award by the Pakistan Academy of Letters for his first novel, ‘Rekan-e-taha-halke’ (village in a desert). He was awarded a pride of performance civilian award by the President of Pakistan for his contribution towards literature as a notable writer. His novel, ‘Shale-Gulen-Bazar’ (The Flowery Bazaar of Shal) is the first three-volume Balochi novel, in fact the largest and most complete Balochi novel to date. This novel is about the social life of Shal, which was the old and traditional name of Quetta. And it got a lot of popularity among Baloch youth.
The theme of his writing is Baloch society. He has amazingly portrayed the social problems of his surrounding. He portrayed the incident of Pashin in his novel ‘Bille Ke Mah Bekapeet’ (Let The Moon Vanish) published by Baloch academy Quetta in1994. He was the deputy commissioner of Pashin in 1990, when three lecturers: one was killed two were abducted by the Afghan mutineer Sahib Khan as revenge since his son was imprisoned in Hyderabad after killing a citizen there. He portrayed the troubles the abducted and killed lecturers and their families mainly faced. Though he had not been responsible for the incident legally, he couldn’t morally hold himself back from it. Thus he considered it the moral duty of his to mention the incident in his novel. He also showed the troubles of the human beings in the world, which deeply reflects his love towards humanity.
His other novels such as ‘Agah-en Chammani Wab’ (“The Dream Of Open Eyes”), Shal-e Gullen Bazaar (“The Flowery Bazaar Of Shal”), Tahariani Posag (“The Children Of Darkness”), Eh Zind Tara Brazit (“He Is Worth It”), Karnani Kahren Dohk (“The Sorrows Of Centuries”), Mani Dairee-e Lahtain Pan (“A Few Pages Of My Diary”), Hazaren Pasaani Shap (“A Night of Thousand Twists”), Espeten Haspa Sanj Bekan (“Saddle The White Horse”), Esh Tai Zameen Tai Azmaan (“This is Your Land, This is Your Sky”), Esh Gon Saraan Laebe (“Playing with the Lives”), Hazaren Karnani Wadaar (“Waiting of a Thousand Years”) and more all are among the master pieces of his literary works. He is still working on other novels. His novels have always reflected the Baloch society and have always called for the eradication of social disparity. People have always shown interest in his new and thought-provoking novels to read. Most notably, his contribution to Balochi literature and his services made him the pride of Baloch. Surely, his everlasting contribution to Balochi language and literature will always be remembered.