‘1984’ is a classic dystopian novel by George Orwell that presents a totalitarian society where people are oppressed psychologically by the totalitarian state. The story takes place in a futuristic version of England called Oceania, where the ruling government, known as the Party, controls life and the lifestyle of people in every aspect. Even the government does not leave people to marry or have a family. The novel follows the protagonist, the main character, Winston Smith, who begins to rebel against the Party and its dictatorial regime through the Outer Party.
The novel’s setting is a world of perpetual war, where residents are always under supervision and compelled to conform to the party’s authoritarian ideology. The party leader, known as Big Brother, is cherished like a god, and his posters are pasted on every wall; are written on posters, “Big Brother is watching you”. The government uses tele-screens to control people’s thoughts and mindsets. If a person is caught in a thing of rebellion, he will be swiftly punished by the ‘Thought Police’ who use torture and brainwashing to enforce obedience.
The novel’s protagonist, Winston Smith, is a member of the Outer Party who is against the Party’s ideology and behavior. He begins keeping a diary in which he expresses his dissenting perspectives, and initiates a secret relationship with a woman named Julia. Together, they initiate to revolt against the Party’s control, but they are yet caught and subjected to the Party’s brutal punishment.
Overall, ‘1984’ is about the dangers of totalitarianism and the importance of individual freedom. Orwell’s writing is powerful and evocative, and his portrait of a society deprived of all humanity is both haunting and extraordinary.
The novel is a must-read for anyone interested in politics or the political behavior of oppression. ‘1984’ gives a clear picture of totalitarian government and clearly modifies the behavior or tactics of colonizers.