On 25 September 2017, the referendum for an independent Kurdish region was held in Iraq with a turn out of 72 %.
On this important occasion, the historical relation between Kurd and Baloch people is worth discussing.
When it comes to history, every nation tends to find its roots and origin. Same goes with the Baloch people. The Baloch people are always curious about finding their roots in history. Even if you talk to a shepherd in Balochistan, he will be curious to talk about his tribal or ethnical roots.
The Balochs have always conveyed the history to the next generations in different mediums like poems etc. No Baloch before 20th century had written books on history or origin of the Baloch nation .
سپاہی زگردان کوچ و بلوچ
سگاليدہ جنگيدہ مانند غوچ
کے در جہان ديد ايشان نہ ديد
نہ آہن يک انگشت نامد پديد
An army of warriors of Koch and Baloch,
Scheming war like the fighting-ram,
No one in the world has seen them turn their backs,
No one has seen as much as one of their fingers unarmed.
Historians like Meer Gul Khan Naseer and Longworth Dames emphasized on the Kurd origin of Baloch and according to them Kurd and Baloch are from a same origin but due to some historic battles, Baloch had to migrate from Kurdish lands.
The first group migrated to present day Kalat, Masthung and Khuzdar regions (Bravi Baloch). The second group migrated to Sistan and Kerman (Narohi) . The third group migrated to Allepo and this group of Balochs also fought against the forces of Yazeed in the Battle of Karbala. Then, this third group of Baloch tribes migrated to Mekran under the leadership of Jalal khan.
As explained above, Balochs and Kurds used to live in Alburz mountains in Kurdistan. This region is still known with the same name. And the word burz which means high is found in Balochi, Bravi and Kurdish languages only.
Both Baloch and Kurd claim to be the descendents of Medes. Medes were the rulers of Median Empire.
Some historians claim that the Bravi language of Baloch was previously known as Kurdgaal i.e., language of Kurd.
Again, some historians claim that Baloch and Kurd were inhabitants of Mehrgarh civilization( 7000BC-5000BC) discovered in Balochistan and due to any reasons, some Baloch and Kurd tribes would have migrated from Mehrgarh to Kurdistan and when faced with harsh circumstances, the Balochs returned to their original homeland. The Balochs already living here welcomed them with opened arms.
Whether Baloch are descendant of Kurds or Kurds are descended of Baloch, there is a historical relationship between these two Nations.
‘The Kurds are from the same origin as that of Baloch. The period of their migration from the Caspian region may be a few centuries earlier than the Baloch who followed at a later period; but instead of going to their people in Zagros mountainous region, outskirts of Mesopotamia, they headed towards east. Linguistically and culturally they must have been from the same stock.” Janmahmad; The Baloch Cultural Heritage, 1982.
In order to find out the roots of one’s Nation, the historians compare the languages,lifestyle, the tribal structure, and social structure of one nation with other nations so that they can find out the similarities between the two nations and by finding the similarities the historians come up with hypotheses that whether there are any historical relations between the two nations or not.
When it comes to finding similarities between Baloch and Kurd nations, we find many things that are similar in both nations. The Balochi and Kurdish languages share a vast number of common words.
Balochi Kurdish English
Mn mn I
Gran gran heavy
Tao chone? tu choni? how are you?
Zanin zanin know
Maar maar snake
Mazan mezan big
Roch roj day
Brath brak brother
Kurds speak different dialects. One of the dialects spoken by Kurds is Badini and Badini is a tribe in Baloch. The largest Baloch tribe in terms of population is said to be Mohammed hasni. It is pronounced Mamsani in Balochi and Bravi. Mamsani is used as a surname by Kurds of Iraq and Syria.
Sherzad Omer Mamsani is an official in Kurdistan region of Iraq.
Besides this,there is a Kurd tribe in Baloch which gives a strong basis for historical relations between these two nations.
The scientific advancements have contributed a lot in tracing the origins of nations and with the study of genetics , humans are now able to answer the questions which were not possible in past. With help of genetic engineering,the relationship between different ethnicities can be studied now.